Zhou Youguang: Why Google honours him today

Described as “the father of Pinyin“, or Chinese phonetic language, and hailed as a male who simplified Chinese, Zhou Youguang would have been 112 this Saturday.

In his honour, Google is changing a trademark in 12 countries to a doodle, or illustration, of him and his grant to Chinese language.

This is his story:

Love for China 

  • “Bring light to a world”. Born in Changzhou in 1906, Zhou Youguang showed seductiveness in linguistics during a early age of 12; he graduated from high-school with honours.

  • Named Zhou Yaoping, he adopted a coop name “Yougang” since he wanted to “bring light” to a world. 

  • Hard highway to university. In 1923, Zhou enrolled a university of St. John’s University, Shanghai. He was not means to attend since of financial woes, though friends and kin lifted a acknowledgment price and helped him compensate for tuition. 

  • He graduated in 1927, majored in economics and took extra coursework in linguistics.

  • Sino-Japanese war. In 1933, he married Zhang Yunhe. He changed to Japan to continue his studies, though returned in 1937, during a start of a Sino-Japanese war. 

  • After a Japanese were degraded in 1945 during a finish of World War Two, Zhou worked in Sin Hua bank where he was stationed overseas, initial in New York City and afterwards in London. 

  • “Modern, resurgent China”. In 1949, he returned after a investiture of Communist China, vehement to take partial in a resurgent country. “We all suspicion that China had a really good event to develop; we didn’t design a after turmoil. History misled us,” Zhou told a Guardian. 

  • Back in China, he taught economics during Fudan University in Shanghai. However, his trail did not lead him to sojourn as an economist. 

History misled us

Zhou Youguang

Romanization of a language 

  • Reforming a Chinese language. In 1955, a supervision placed Zhou during a conduct of a cabinet to remodel a Chinese language.

  • He was called by Zhou Enlai, a chairman he met in his bank pursuit who was now a second personality in China.
  • “Linguistics was usually a hobby”. Zhou primarily declined, observant that linguistics was usually his hobby, though he was not authorised to exclude a offer. He changed to Beijing, where he began a three-year effort, and grown a invention of Pinyin.

  • A diction guide. Pinyin was done a central romanization in 1958. It is usually a diction guide, and not a surrogate essay system. 

  • “Mao disliked severely a economists”. His pursuit stable him from Mao’s policies. “Mao disliked severely a economists – generally mercantile professors from America,” Zhou pronounced in an in interview. “By that time, we had shifted to a line of denunciation and essay … If we had remained in Shanghai training economics, we consider we positively could have been detained for 20 years.”

  • Chinese work camp. But in 1969. indicted of being a conservative academic, he was sent to work in a work stay where he worked in a rice fields. He spent some-more than dual years there. 

  • Once he was released, he went behind home and continued essay about language.

  • Encyclopedia Zhou. In a 1980s, he helped manage a interpretation into Chinese of a Encyclopedia Britannica, earning him a nickname of “Encyclopedia Zhou”. 

  • Critical of a government. Zhou was a author of some-more than 40 books, many of that were banned for being vicious of a government. Around 10 of them were published after he incited 100.
  • He started a blog on Sina and continued blogging until he was 105 years old.

  • Regarding a government, a linguist told AFP: “In all probity we haven’t got anything good to contend about Mao Zedong.” 

Chinese people apropos abounding isn’t important, tellurian swell is eventually swell towards democracy.

Zhou Youguang

Living a Language

Language: At hazard of extinction

SOURCE: Al Jazeera News

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